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Primeur weekly 2020-09-14

Focus

Some RISC-V high performance implementations presented at RISC-V Global Forum by European Processor Initiative, NSITEXE, OpenBLAS, and SemiDynamics ...

Exascale supercomputing

Combustion pioneer named Department of Energy fellow ...

Quantum computing

New method prevents quantum computers from crashing ...

Q-CTRL and Quantum Machines announce partnership to accelerate quantum computing development ...

Cambridge Quantum Computing welcomes Mehdi Bozzo-Rey ...

Focus on Europe

Researchers develop molecule to store solar energy ...

First release of PROCESS software now available ...

From artificial intelligence to nanomaterials and astrophysics - Seven Irish research projects to benefit from EuroHPC Academic Flagship Programme ...

Middleware

SDSC to help create science gateway for new materials discovery ...

Hardware

NCSA's Donna J. Cox honoured with rare IPS Technology Innovation Award ...

Advanced NVMe controller technology for next generation memory devices ...

Credo announces the DOVE platform, its second generation of low power PAM4 DSPs for 100G/200G/400G data networks ...

Tachyum opens U.S., EU and NATO Government Business Unit ...

National Science Foundation awards CENIC an international networking grant for operation of Pacific Wave ...

UCF Consortium receives open source contribution from Arm to speed access to persistent memory storage ...

Liqid announces agreement with Arrow Electronics to bring composable disaggregated infrastructure solutions to data centres worldwide ...

Research and Markets to issue Global Hybrid Memory Cube (HMC) and High-Bandwidth Memory (HBM) Suppliers Strategic Positioning and Leadership Quadrant Report 2020 ...

Genomics England scales up genomic sequencing with Quantum ActiveScale object storage ...

NVIDIA to acquire Arm for $40 billion, creating world's premier computing company for the age of AI ...

Applications

NCSA and University of Illinois announce new Center for AstroPhysical Surveys ...

Lead lab selected for next-generation cosmic microwave background experiment ...

Insilico announces the launch of AI-powered COVIDomic to support COVID-19 research worldwide ...

Model shows that the speed neurons fire impacts their ability to synchronize ...

Physicists achieve tunable spin wave excitation ...

EBRAINS makes bid to enter the European Research Infrastructure Roadmap with ten-country strong coalition and France as lead country ...

Mysterious cellular droplets come into focus ...

The presence of resonating cavities above sunspots has been confirmed ...

The Hospital Clínic and BSC will use artificial intelligence to predict the evolution of patients with COVID-19 ...

ORIGINS - answers to existential questions ...

Altair announces 2020 Global Technology Conference to explore "The Future of..." ...

The Cloud

National Science Foundation-funded CloudBank now operational ...

Schlumberger, IBM and Red Hat announce major hybrid Cloud collaboration for the energy industry ...

Red Hat Marketplace aims to accelerate open hybrid Cloud innovation with certified software solutions ready to run on any Cloud ...

Renesas introduces DDR5 data buffer for high-performance server and Cloud service applications ...

NETINT deploys video transcoding technology in the Nimbix Cloud ...

The Hospital Clínic and BSC will use artificial intelligence to predict the evolution of patients with COVID-19


8 Sep 2020 Barcelona - The Hospital Clínic de Barcelona (HCB) and the Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC) work together to create a model based on artificial intelligence (AI) that helps doctors predict the evolution of patients with COVID-19 and those responsible for the centres to plan their internal organisation in the event of a new wave. The project is part of the Plan for the Promotion of Language Technologies of the Secretary for Digitalisation and Artificial Intelligence, in which the BSC participates, and it is open to the collaboration of more hospitals.

To develop these tools, the HCB and the BSC will use the information contained in the clinical reports of 3051 COVID-19 episodes - corresponding to 2440 patients - that the hospital treated during the acute phase of the pandemic and those that may arise in the future. With the information on the diagnosis, treatment and evolution of these cases - duly anonymized, a model based on artificial intelligence - specifically deep learning neural networks - will be trained so that will look for common patterns and generate predictions on the evolution of new patients.

The participants in this project are in talks with other hospitals in the main Spanish cities that are interested in joining the project. The University Hospital 12 de octubre from Madrid is finalizing the procedures for this and the Virgen del Rocío Hospital in Seville is holding conversations.

For models based on neural networks to be effective, they must be trained with large amounts of data, such as those provided by the Hospital Clínic.

They also require great computational capacity - like the computational capacity provided by the MareNostrum 4 supercomputer, from the BSC, since the training sessions need to be repeated thousands of times so that the system learns to distinguish between what is important and what is superfluous, as well as to establish correlations between events.

Xavier Pastor, Chief Medical Information Officer at the Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, ​​stated that "the COVID-19 pandemic has offered the opportunity to materialize the necessary collaboration between Institutions so that advanced research has a return for the benefit of the patient in the form of substantive help to the doctor in making decisions. All procedures have been extreme to preserve the confidentiality of health data to the maximum through technological, organisational and legal solutions and submitting the project to the consideration of the Ethics Committee that has issued its favourable opinion. With this collaboration, it will be possible to obtain an added value to the great effort of Health professionals who, under exceptional conditions, have used the computerized medical history without interruption as a documentary record in real time of the situation of each patient, of the actions that are taken. have carried out and the results obtained."

Alfonso Valencia, director of the Department of Life Sciences at Barcelona Supercomputing Center, stated: "The clinical reports of COVID-19 cases contain essential information to analyze the evolution of the disease, the response to treatment and the previous conditions of the patients who they may have been risk factors. This agreement enables collaboration between BSC experts in data mining and natural language processing with experts in clinical information management in hospitals and is essential to answer critical clinical questions about the origin and evolution of the disease. The ultimate objective of the collaboration is to provide health systems, and in particular the hospitals with which we collaborate, with computer systems that can contribute to improving the treatment of patients in both this and future epidemics."

The elaboration of prediction models based on clinical reports has the added complexity that, before training the artificial intelligence models, it is necessary to automatically extract all the relevant information contained in the various hospital documents referring to the same case - laboratory reports, radiology, diagnostics, clinical courses, etc.

To achieve this, natural language processing technologies - another branch of AI - are used, which analyze the texts written by healthcare personnel and turn them into "events" that the system must take into account - relevant diagnostic results, symptoms, treatments, evolution, etc.

These events are used to train neural networks, which will search for common patterns and, based on them, will make evolution predictions for new cases.

Source: Barcelona Supercomputing Center - BSC

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2020-09-14

Focus

Some RISC-V high performance implementations presented at RISC-V Global Forum by European Processor Initiative, NSITEXE, OpenBLAS, and SemiDynamics ...

Exascale supercomputing

Combustion pioneer named Department of Energy fellow ...

Quantum computing

New method prevents quantum computers from crashing ...

Q-CTRL and Quantum Machines announce partnership to accelerate quantum computing development ...

Cambridge Quantum Computing welcomes Mehdi Bozzo-Rey ...

Focus on Europe

Researchers develop molecule to store solar energy ...

First release of PROCESS software now available ...

From artificial intelligence to nanomaterials and astrophysics - Seven Irish research projects to benefit from EuroHPC Academic Flagship Programme ...

Middleware

SDSC to help create science gateway for new materials discovery ...

Hardware

NCSA's Donna J. Cox honoured with rare IPS Technology Innovation Award ...

Advanced NVMe controller technology for next generation memory devices ...

Credo announces the DOVE platform, its second generation of low power PAM4 DSPs for 100G/200G/400G data networks ...

Tachyum opens U.S., EU and NATO Government Business Unit ...

National Science Foundation awards CENIC an international networking grant for operation of Pacific Wave ...

UCF Consortium receives open source contribution from Arm to speed access to persistent memory storage ...

Liqid announces agreement with Arrow Electronics to bring composable disaggregated infrastructure solutions to data centres worldwide ...

Research and Markets to issue Global Hybrid Memory Cube (HMC) and High-Bandwidth Memory (HBM) Suppliers Strategic Positioning and Leadership Quadrant Report 2020 ...

Genomics England scales up genomic sequencing with Quantum ActiveScale object storage ...

NVIDIA to acquire Arm for $40 billion, creating world's premier computing company for the age of AI ...

Applications

NCSA and University of Illinois announce new Center for AstroPhysical Surveys ...

Lead lab selected for next-generation cosmic microwave background experiment ...

Insilico announces the launch of AI-powered COVIDomic to support COVID-19 research worldwide ...

Model shows that the speed neurons fire impacts their ability to synchronize ...

Physicists achieve tunable spin wave excitation ...

EBRAINS makes bid to enter the European Research Infrastructure Roadmap with ten-country strong coalition and France as lead country ...

Mysterious cellular droplets come into focus ...

The presence of resonating cavities above sunspots has been confirmed ...

The Hospital Clínic and BSC will use artificial intelligence to predict the evolution of patients with COVID-19 ...

ORIGINS - answers to existential questions ...

Altair announces 2020 Global Technology Conference to explore "The Future of..." ...

The Cloud

National Science Foundation-funded CloudBank now operational ...

Schlumberger, IBM and Red Hat announce major hybrid Cloud collaboration for the energy industry ...

Red Hat Marketplace aims to accelerate open hybrid Cloud innovation with certified software solutions ready to run on any Cloud ...

Renesas introduces DDR5 data buffer for high-performance server and Cloud service applications ...

NETINT deploys video transcoding technology in the Nimbix Cloud ...