Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2019-09-09

Quantum computing

New quantum project aims for ultra-secure communication in Europe ...

Schrödinger and Qu & Co announce collaboration to advance quantum mechanical computations on quantum computers ...

Spreading light over quantum computers ...

Focus on Europe

AUBASS' AUTOSAR Adaptive Platform solution ported on Kalray's intelligent processor ...

eScience Center takes part in hackathon to improve tools for analysis of internet therapies ...

At the edge of chaos, powerful new electronics could be created ...

Middleware

2CRSI becomes a Bright reseller in the USA, Europe and Middle East ...

NERSC and ECP host OpenMP Hackathon for energy-efficient architectures ...

Hardware

Shell and PDENH are investing in Dutch sustainable data centre technology scale-up Asperitas ...

Konstantinos Orginos awarded time on world's fastest supercomputer to study Lattice QCD ...

GRC teams with NVIDIA to provide fully optimized liquid-immersion cooled system to support the Texas Advanced Computing Center's Frontera supercomputer ...

Mellanox introduces new LinkX 200G & 400G cables & transceivers at CIOE, Shenzhen, China and ECOC, Dublin, Ireland 2019 ...

Texas boosts U.S. science with fastest academic supercomputer in the world ...

New insulation technique paves the way for more powerful and smaller chips ...

WekaIO awarded three patents ...

Intel Xeon Scalable processors drive advanced research in world's fastest academic supercomputer ...

Applications

Rochester Institute of Technology researchers use Frontera supercomputer to simulate neutron star mergers ...

Researchers use TACC's new Frontera supercomputer to simulate viruses and cells ...

Teaching Neural Networks Quantum Chemistry ...

Building a sunnier energy future ...

Researchers apply increasing computational power to develop predictive models and create patient-specific treatment plans ...

Researchers will simulate high speed turbulent flows on Frontera supercomputer ...

U.S. National Science Foundation awards San Diego Supercomputer Center and partners $5,9 million to host EarthCube Office ...

Researchers uncover role of earthquake motions in triggering a 'surprise' tsunami ...

Artificial Intelligence for Physics Research ...

NCSA machine learning pipeline provides insight into energy-efficient home improvement programmes ...

Eight projects to gain early access to the Frontier supercomputer ...

New Berkeley Lab study uses supercomputers to analyze hydrological changes in a California watershed following a wildfire ...

PPG selected for DOE partnership to speed development, testing of adhesives for lightweight vehicles ...

Sum of three cubes for 42 finally solved - using real life planetary computer ...

Spreading light over quantum computers


Jan-Åke Larsson and his co-workers have also supplemented their theoretical simulations with a physical version built with electronic components. The gates are similar to those used in quantum computers, and the toolkit simulates how a quantum computer works. Credit: Karl Ofverstrom.
3 Sep 2019 Linköping - Scientists at Linköping University have shown how a quantum computer really works and have managed to simulate quantum computer properties in a classical computer. "Our results should be highly significant in determining how to build quantum computers", stated Professor Jan-Åke Larsson.

The dream of superfast and powerful quantum computers has again been brought into focus, and large resources have been invested in research in Sweden, Europe and the world. A Swedish quantum computer is to be built within ten years, and the European Union has designated quantum technology one of its flagship projects.

At the moment, few useful algorithms are available for quantum computers, but it is expected that the technology will be hugely significant in simulations of biological, chemical and physical systems that are far too complicated for even the most powerful computers currently available. A bit in a computer can take only the value one or zero, but a quantum bit can take all values in between. Simply put, this means that quantum computers do not need to take as many operations for each calculation they carry out.

Professor Jan-Åke Larsson and his doctoral student Niklas Johansson, in the Division for Information Coding at the Department of Electrical Engineering, Linköping University, have come to grips with what happens in a quantum computer and why it is more powerful than a classical computer. Their results have been published in the scientific journalEntropy.

"We have shown that the major difference is that quantum computers have two degrees of freedom for each bit. By simulating an additional degree of freedom in a classical computer, we can run some of the algorithms at the same speed as they would achieve in a quantum computer", stated Jan-Åke Larsson.

They have constructed a simulation tool, Quantum Simulation Logic, QSL, that enables them to simulate the operation of a quantum computer in a classical computer. The simulation tool contains one, and only one, property that a quantum computer has that a classical computer does not: one extra degree of freedom for each bit that is part of the calculation.

"Thus, each bit has two degrees of freedom: it can be compared with a mechanical system in which each part has two degrees of freedom - position and speed. In this case, we deal with computation bits - which carry information about the result of the function, and phase bits - which carry information about the structure of the function", Jan-Åke Larsson explained.

They have used the simulation tool to study some of the quantum algorithms that manage the structure of the function. Several of the algorithms run as fast in the simulation as they would in a quantum computer.

"The result shows that the higher speed in quantum computers comes from their ability to store, process and retrieve information in one additional information-carrying degree of freedom. This enables us to better understand how quantum computers work. Also, this knowledge should make it easier to build quantum computers, since we know which property is most important for the quantum computer to work as expected", stated Jan-Åke Larsson.

Jan-Åke Larsson and his co-workers have also supplemented their theoretical simulations with a physical version built with electronic components. The gates are similar to those used in quantum computers, and the toolkit simulates how a quantum computer works. With its help students, for example, can simulate and understand how quantum cryptography and quantum teleportation works, and also some of the most common quantum computing algorithms, such as Shor's algorithm for factorisation. The algorithm works in the current version of the simulation but is equally fast - or slow - as in classical computers.

The Linköping University scientists founded a company in 2017. This has recently been included in a list drawn up by the web journal of EU-startups of the ten most interesting start-ups in Europe that "cool down the crazy world of quantum computing". The heading "10 European startups cooling down the crazy world of quantum computing" is a play on words, and refers to the fact that quantum computers normally require extensive cooling.

The paper titled " Quantum Simulation Logic, Oracles, and the Quantum Advantage " is authored by Niklas Johansson and Jan-Åke Larsson. It has been published inEntropy.
Source: Linköping University

Back to Table of contents

Primeur weekly 2019-09-09

Quantum computing

New quantum project aims for ultra-secure communication in Europe ...

Schrödinger and Qu & Co announce collaboration to advance quantum mechanical computations on quantum computers ...

Spreading light over quantum computers ...

Focus on Europe

AUBASS' AUTOSAR Adaptive Platform solution ported on Kalray's intelligent processor ...

eScience Center takes part in hackathon to improve tools for analysis of internet therapies ...

At the edge of chaos, powerful new electronics could be created ...

Middleware

2CRSI becomes a Bright reseller in the USA, Europe and Middle East ...

NERSC and ECP host OpenMP Hackathon for energy-efficient architectures ...

Hardware

Shell and PDENH are investing in Dutch sustainable data centre technology scale-up Asperitas ...

Konstantinos Orginos awarded time on world's fastest supercomputer to study Lattice QCD ...

GRC teams with NVIDIA to provide fully optimized liquid-immersion cooled system to support the Texas Advanced Computing Center's Frontera supercomputer ...

Mellanox introduces new LinkX 200G & 400G cables & transceivers at CIOE, Shenzhen, China and ECOC, Dublin, Ireland 2019 ...

Texas boosts U.S. science with fastest academic supercomputer in the world ...

New insulation technique paves the way for more powerful and smaller chips ...

WekaIO awarded three patents ...

Intel Xeon Scalable processors drive advanced research in world's fastest academic supercomputer ...

Applications

Rochester Institute of Technology researchers use Frontera supercomputer to simulate neutron star mergers ...

Researchers use TACC's new Frontera supercomputer to simulate viruses and cells ...

Teaching Neural Networks Quantum Chemistry ...

Building a sunnier energy future ...

Researchers apply increasing computational power to develop predictive models and create patient-specific treatment plans ...

Researchers will simulate high speed turbulent flows on Frontera supercomputer ...

U.S. National Science Foundation awards San Diego Supercomputer Center and partners $5,9 million to host EarthCube Office ...

Researchers uncover role of earthquake motions in triggering a 'surprise' tsunami ...

Artificial Intelligence for Physics Research ...

NCSA machine learning pipeline provides insight into energy-efficient home improvement programmes ...

Eight projects to gain early access to the Frontier supercomputer ...

New Berkeley Lab study uses supercomputers to analyze hydrological changes in a California watershed following a wildfire ...

PPG selected for DOE partnership to speed development, testing of adhesives for lightweight vehicles ...

Sum of three cubes for 42 finally solved - using real life planetary computer ...